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タイトル: Induction of ovulation in Xenopus without hCG injection: the effect of adding steroids into the aquatic environment.
著者: Ogawa, Aoi
Dake, Junpei
Iwashina, Yu-ki
Tokumoto, Toshinobu
掲載誌名: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology
出版者: BioMed Central
巻: 9
開始ページ: 11
出版日付: 2011-01-21
権利: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
NDC: 464
抄録: The African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, is widely used in studies of oogenesis, meiotic cell cycle and early embryonic development. However, in order to perform such studies, eggs are normally collected after the injection of hCG into the dorsal lymph sac of fully-grown female frogs following pre-injection of PMSF. Although this protocol is established and used as standard laboratory approach, there are some concerns over whether the injections could cause the transmission of deleterious microorganisms. Moreover, these injection protocols require a competent skilled worker to carry out the procedure efficiently.
Recently, we established a novel method to induce fish ovulation by simply adding the natural maturation-inducing hormone of teleosts, 17 alpha, 20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20 beta-DHP), into the surrounding water. In the present study, we demonstrate how we can induce ovulation in frogs using the same methodology.
In frogs, progesterone was effective in the induction of oocyte maturation in vitro. We then examined the ability of progesterone to induce ovulation in frogs. However treatment of frogs with progesterone alone only occasionally induced ovulation in vivo. The number of oocytes and the frequency of ovulation were significantly lower than that induced by hCG-injection. Thus, conditions were improved by using a combination of progesterone with estradiol and by pre-treating frogs with low concentrations of progesterone or estradiol. Finally, we established an efficient means of inducing ovulation in frogs which involved pre-treatment of frogs with salt solution followed by a mixture of estradiol and progesterone at high concentration. The frequency and numbers of oocytes obtained were identical to those resulting from PMSG-hCG induction. Fertilization rate of eggs ovulated by the new treatment method was comparable to eggs obtained by hCG-injection and juveniles developed normally.
To conclude, we have successfully developed a novel method to induce ovulation in frogs but without the need for a potentially harmful injection strategy.
ISSN: 14777827 OPAC
出版者DOI: 10.1186/1477-7827-9-11   
PMID: 21255406
NII書誌ID: AA12041973 OPAC ciniib
バージョン: publisher
出現コレクション:04. 雑誌論文・記事(Journal Article, Article, Preprint)

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Others By: Ogawa, Aoi -- Dake, Junpei -- Iwashina, Yu-ki -- Tokumoto, Toshinobu (徳元, 俊伸) (トクモト, トシノブ)

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